EUH 1000

 Art of the Early Middle Ages in Europe


As the barbarians rampaged over Europe, Christians clung to outposts like this, off the coast of Ireland



Here are their huts, look for the cross in white on the left one



By the 800's stone buildings were being made again, like this at Iona in Scotland




Dark Age people prized gold and other precious metals and things because they had no other stable thing in life



The most precious things were books. The cover of this one is studded with jewels



Books done in the most fancy way were called 'Illuminated Manuscripts.'

Illuminated because it seemed light was coming from them, and manuscripts because they were all one of a kind



The books of the middle ages were much more detailed in their decoration than any in history



Over 1000 years old, the Cross of Lothar is one of the most beautiful objects from the distant past.

the front (left) is studded with jewels and the back has a stenciling of the Crucifixion, it is priceless.



Relics were kept in safe containers decorated with holy images like this one



Medieval artists even decorated chalices like this with holy scenes, can you see it?



A knights standard gear



Here is a helmet used in England a thosand years ago



A real medieval sword, obviously well used, that would go with the helmet




This frieze portrays Jesus and Mary fleeing to Egypt on a horse



This one shows Eve, in her hand is the forbidden fruit from the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil



By the time of the gothic cathedrals in the 1100's, sculptures on them became more grand



The amazing art of stained glass windows like this took years to execute by master artists, but we

usually don't even know their names! (to do something like this 'to be famous' was not the point)



Here is Christ on the Cross in stained glass



Entire walls of the cathedrals were murals like this one, of Mary




Most medieval art in painting was 2 dimensionial, and of course, had Christian themes.

This is the Annunciation (when an angel told Mary that she was pregnant by a divine hand)



The icon of Mary with Jesus inside her



The Presentation of Jesus at the Temple of Solomon in Jerusalem, as an infant



Most famous of all Russian icons, Our Lady of Vladimir, Mary with Jesus



The famous icon of Jesus with a Bible (showing its holiness and its addition of the New Testament)



The Crucifixion icon



Icon of the Transfiguration



The icon of the death of Mary in the later decades, being welcomed into heaven by Jesus




St. Peter and Paul spread Christianity throughout the Roman world,

and Mary (right) interceding with God on peoples' behalf



The angel Gabriel (left) and St. Michael the Archangel, a Christian would

pray to St. Michael to help them battle the forces of evil



Another powerful angel, St. George fighting the dragon (serpent, a symbol of Satan)



The icon of St. Nicholas, who loved children



Icon of the Divine Fatherhood, appearing with the white dove a symbol of God



The icon of the Trinity, after which Trinity, Florida was named




The Medieval Town


One can still drive around Europe and find medieval towns in some places



 Artists vision of the medieval town in winter



Move to Art of the Middle Ages: Castles--------->