Space Program of Ghana
------The Ghanan Space Agency------
Level = 0 Development: Very Low
What has been going on in Ghana?
What kind of space power do they have?
Does Ghana have space weapons?
What are they planning over there?
Population: 23,000,000 / Language: English / GDP: $2500 / Cities: Accra
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Ghana was the first place in sub-Saharan Africa where Europeans arrived to trade - first in gold, later in slaves.
It was also the first black African nation in the region to achieve independence from a colonial power, in this instance Britain.
Despite being rich in mineral resources, and endowed with a good education system and efficient civil service, Ghana fell victim to corruption and mismanagement soon after independence in 1957.
In 1966 its first president and pan-African hero, Kwame Nkrumah, was deposed in a coup, heralding years of mostly-military rule. In 1981 Flight Lieutenant Jerry Rawlings staged his second coup. The country began to move towards economic stability and democracy.
In April 1992 a constitution allowing for a multi-party system was approved in a referendum, ushering in a period of democracy.
A well-administered country by regional standards, Ghana is often seen as a model for political and economic reform in Africa. Cocoa exports are an essential part of the economy; Ghana is the world's second-largest producer.
It has a high-profile peacekeeping role; troops from Ghana have been deployed in Ivory Coast, Liberia, Sierra Leone and DR Congo.
Although Ghana has largely escaped the civil strife that has plagued other West African countries, in 1994-95 land disputes in the north erupted into ethnic violence, resulting in the deaths of 1,000 people and the displacement of a further 150,000.
President: John Kufuor
John Kufuor won a second term in December 2004, in a presidential poll praised for being well-run and orderly.
He came to power in the presidential ballot in December 2000, marking the first peaceful, democratic transfer of power in Ghana since independence. He succeeded the long-time ruler Jerry Rawlings.
Known as the "Gentle Giant", Mr Kufuor has made economic growth a priority. During his first term, inflation and borrowing costs fell.
Ghana's Space Infrastructure
Ghana is troubled by poverty and hunger, and its space program is not suprisingly, nonexistent. Not only does it not have an agency, but also not much of an infrastructure in which one would arise. The University of Ghana offers a degree in physics but nothing specific to space related educational architecture, such as astrophysics, astronomy, astronautics or aeronautics. The government has no ministry devoted to science of this type.
Ghana has no history of being part of any organization dealing with space, nor has any launch capability.
Ghana lacks the industrial base, the educational base and the political foundation for a process like this to occur within it. It has no functioning university with an astrophysics or astronautics program, and marginal industry.
Ghana operates no satellites and, not having an orbital presence, has no space power.
The government of Ghana in Kampala has no plans for attempting to further any ambition in space development or research.
Timeline of Events in Ghana
...From the Past to the Future
GHANA'S MOST FAMOUS SON
1874 - British proclaim coastal area a crown colony.
1925 - First legislative council elections take place.
1957 March - Ghana becomes independent with Kwame Nkrumah as prime minister.
1960 - Ghana proclaimed a republic; Nkrumah elected president.
1964 - Ghana becomes a one-party state.
1966 - Nkrumah overthrown in military coup; Russian and Chinese technicians expelled.
1969 - New constitution facilitates transfer of power to civilian government led by Kofi Busia.
1972 - Busia ousted in military coup led by Colonel Ignatius Acheampong.
1978 - Acheampong forced to resign; General Frederick Akuffo takes over.
1979 - Akuffo deposed in coup led by Flight Lieutenant Jerry Rawlings. Acheampong and Akuffo tried and executed on charges of corruption.
1979 September - Rawlings hands over power to an elected president, Hilla Limann.
1981 - Limann ousted in military coup led by Rawlings after two years of weak government and economic stagnation.
1983 - Rawlings adopts conservative economic policies, abolishing subsidies and price controls, privatising many state enterprises and devaluing the currency.
1992 - Referendum approves new constitution introducing a multiparty system. Rawlings elected president.
1994 - One thousand people are killed and a further 150,000 are displaced in the Northern Region following ethnic clashes between the Konkomba and the Nanumba over land ownership.
1994 June - Seven ethnic groups involved in violence in Northern Region sign peace agreement.
1995 - Government imposes curfew in Northern Region as renewed ethnic violence results in a further 100 deaths.
1996 - Jerry Rawlings re-elected president.
2000 - December - John Kufuor beats Vice-President John Atta Mills in the presidential election.
2001 February - Petrol prices rise by 60% following the government's decision to remove fuel subsidies.
2001 April - Ghana accepts debt relief under a scheme designed by the World Bank and the IMF.
2001 May - National day of mourning after football stadium stampede leaves 126 dead. Inquiry blames police for overreacting to crowd trouble.
2001 June - Government scraps public holiday celebrating Rawling's military coup in an effort to wipe out the legacy of his rule.
2001 June - Floods hit Accra, causing 10 deaths and forcing 100,000 to flee their homes.
2002 April - State of emergency is declared in the north after a tribal chief and more than 30 others are killed in clan violence. State of emergency is lifted in August 2004.
2002 May - President Kufuor inaugurates reconciliation commission to look into human rights violations during military rule.
2003 October - Government approves merger of two gold-mining firms, creating new gold-mining giant.
2004 February - Former President Jerry Rawlings testifies at commission investigating human rights offences during the early years of his rule.
Accra, the capital, is renowned for its beaches, nightlife
2004 December - Presidential poll: Incumbent John Kufuor wins a second term.
2005 April-May - Thousands of Togolese refugees arrive, fleeing political violence in their home country.
2006 April - A boat capsizes on Lake Volta reservoir; more than 100 passengers are feared drowned.
2006 June - Visiting Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao promises to lend Ghana about $66m to fund development projects. He is on an African tour aimed at opening new export markets for China's booming economy and at securing energy and mineral supplies.
TODAY AND INTO THE FUTURE